Department of LAW, Faculty of Law Rennes University (France), Institut Universitaire de France, France
Because biotechnologies are techniques that use living beings (microorganisms, animals, plants), usually after their genetic characteristics have been modified, for the industrial manufacture of biological or chemical compounds (medicines, industrial raw materials) or to improve agricultural production (transgenic plants and animals or GMO), these techniques are not without risk. Alongside the development of these biotechnologies, that of ideologies such as transhumanism or posthumanism is worrying. The question of the regulation of these biotechnologies therefore becomes critical.
In view of the fact that bioethics has for a number years given rise to much reflection on the issue of the protection of the person in the face of developments in biomedical practices, which themselves can be possible sources of abuse, it may be interesting to see if the protective tools (establishing ethical or control bodies, as well as the development of ethical, deontological and legal standards) used in the field of biomedicine cannot have their mirror image in regard to biotechnology?
Keywords: Biotechnologies, regulation, model, bioethics.