Mujahid Ali, Ruwaya Al Kendi and Meera Al Nuaimi
Department of Biology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE
Persistent reduction of natural drinking water reservoirs has globally raised the demand for alternate water treatment and reprocessing or purification strategies. Traditional water treatment analysis based on lengthy chemical accustomed-disinfection to make it compatible with rigorous microbial safety standards for water consumption. Customized Nano filters are practically competent for the successful removal of contaminants such as heavy metals and pathogens from fresh water. This study designed a novel, biocompatible and biodegradable Nano filter from cellulose Nano fibers extracted from Palm seed. They are freely available in huge quantities; using them as source of cellulose makes it cost effective and easy. Cellulose was isolated from palm seed and nanocrystals were examined by X-ray diffraction (X-RD) and Scan electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that cellulose has amorphous and crystalline regions and have the ability to create entangled networks. In this study a Nano filter was manufactured by heat pressing of cellulose Nano fibers, which could entrap viruses. Furthermore, the natural Nano fibers based Nano filter could be the perfect alternate for water purification, to avoid adverse effect from chemical method. Subsequent work will be carried out to determine the filter efficiency in virus removal from water.
Keywords: Reservoirs, water treatment, nanofilters, biocompatible and biodegradable, crystalline and heat pressing.